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New calves are quite large, at 6 feet tall (1.8 m), 100 to 150 lbs. Giraffe mothers often take turns watching over the calves.Sometimes, though, the mother giraffe will leave the calf by itself.The animals' tails are made into good-luck bracelets, fly whisks and thread for stringing beads, according to the African Wildlife Foundation.As agricultural settlement expands, the giraffe's main source of food, the acacia tree, is being cut down.They get most of their moisture from the vegetation they eat.As in cattle, female giraffes are called cows, while the males are called bulls.Years ago, many people thought the giraffe was a combination of a camel and a leopard, and they called these animals "camel-leopards." You will often see giraffes walking around with birds on their backs.These birds are called tickbirds, or oxpecker birds (Buphagus africanus).
Calves are weaned at around 12 months, according to the University of Michigan. The animals can live 10 to 15 years in the wild and 20 to 25 years in captivity. The 2016 study was published in the journal Current Biology.
Their tongues are a substantial 21 inches (53 centimeters) long, and their feet are 12 inches (30.5 cm) across.
According to the San Diego Zoo, a giraffe's heart is 2 feet (0.6 m) long and weighs about 25 lbs. Their lungs can hold 12 gallons (55 liters) of air. Some towers consist of all females and their young, or all male or mixed genders.
This is because giraffes communicate using noises that are too low for humans to hear, according to PBS Nature. They can run 35 mph (56 km/h) in short bursts and run for longer stretches at 10 mph (16 km/h), according to National Geographic.
Giraffes are even-toed ungulates, which means they have two weight-bearing hooves on each foot, and are in the order Artiodactyla, which also includes antelopes, cattle, goats, sheep, caribou, moose, hippos and pigs.